Acne & Rosacea Treatment
When it comes to acne and rosacea the symptoms and severity can vary. It is important to understand that these conditions can take relatively long to treat and not all medications have the same effect on everyone. At medino we offer several products that can help manage these conditions both short-term and long-term. Our pharmacists are also available to give advice.
More about acne & rosacea
What are common symptoms of acne?
Acne is a common skin condition that can affect people of all ages but is most prevalent among teenagers. It occurs when hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells, resulting in whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples.
While there are effective treatments available for acne, it can be persistent and take time to clear up. Pimples and bumps may heal slowly, and new ones may appear as old ones begin to fade. It's important to start treatment as early as possible to lower the risk of emotional distress and scarring.
There are different types of acne, with varying levels of severity. Whiteheads and blackheads are the most common, but there are also small red, tender bumps (papules) and pimples (pustules) which are papules with pus at their tips. More severe forms of acne include large, solid, painful lumps under the skin (nodules) and painful, pus-filled lumps under the skin (cystic lesions). Acne typically appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. With the right treatment and care, you can get your acne under control and achieve clear, healthy-looking skin.
What causes Acne?
Acne is a common skin condition that is caused by several factors, including excess oil production, clogged hair follicles, bacteria, and inflammation. These factors often lead to the appearance of acne on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders, as these areas of skin have the most oil (sebaceous) glands. When hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells, it can cause the follicle wall to bulge and produce a whitehead or become open to the surface, darkening and causing a blackhead. Pimples are raised red spots with a white centre that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected with bacteria.
Certain things can also trigger or worsen acne, such as hormonal changes during puberty or midlife, certain medications, diet, and stress. Hormonal changes, such as an increase in androgens, can cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and produce more sebum. Certain medications, such as drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium, can also cause acne. Studies have also suggested that consuming certain foods, such as carbohydrate-rich foods, may worsen acne, but more research is needed in this area. Stress doesn't cause acne, but it can make it worse for those who already have it.
What are common acne treatments?
Acne is a common skin condition that can be treated with a variety of options. The best treatment for you will depend on factors such as your age, gender, the severity of your acne, and how long you've had it. One common treatment option is using over-the-counter products containing benzoyl peroxide, which is easy on the skin and can be used at a lower strength to start.
It's important to be patient when treating acne, as it can take several weeks to see results from medication. You may experience redness, burning, or dry skin as a side effect of treatment, but if it's serious, it's best to consult with your doctor. If you find that a product isn't working for you, don't be afraid to try something different. It may take some trial and error to find the best treatment for your skin.
It's important to remember that while a pimple will eventually go away, the underlying skin problem that causes them will not go away on its own. Without proper treatment, you may be at risk of developing scars. So, it is best to get the treatment started as soon as possible and find what works best for you.
What are common symptoms of Rosacea?
Rosacea is a common skin condition that causes redness and inflammation on the face, specifically on the cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead. However, it can also affect other areas of the body such as the neck, head, ears, or chest. One of the most noticeable symptoms is the appearance of broken blood vessels, which can make the skin appear thickened and swollen.
It is important to note that up to half of people with rosacea also experience eye problems such as redness, swelling, and pain. Other symptoms include stinging and burning of the skin, patches of rough, dry skin, a swollen nose, larger pores, and bumps on the eyelids. These symptoms can come and go, sometimes flaring up for a few weeks before fading and then returning. It is important to see a doctor for treatment as rosacea can worsen over time and become permanent if left untreated.
What causes Rosacea?
The exact cause of rosacea is not fully understood, but several potential factors may play a role. One possible cause is genetics, as the condition often runs in families. Another potential cause of issues with the blood vessels in the face, as the redness associated with rosacea, may be caused by problems with these vessels. Sun damage can also cause blood vessels to widen, making them more visible.
Another possible cause of rosacea is the presence of mites, specifically a type called Demodex folliculorum. These tiny insects are normally harmless, but some people may have a heightened sensitivity to them or have more of these mites present on their skin than usual. This can lead to irritation and inflammation. Additionally, some studies have suggested that a type of bacteria called H. pylori, which normally lives in the gut, may raise the levels of a digestive hormone and cause a flushed appearance on the skin.
It is also important to note that certain factors can make a person more likely to develop rosacea, such as having light skin, blonde hair, and blue eyes, being between the ages of 30 and 50, being a woman, having family members with rosacea, having a history of severe acne, and smoking.
What are common treatments for Rosacea?
There currently is no cure for rosacea, but there are several treatments that can help manage the symptoms of redness, bumps, and other common symptoms associated with the condition. Your doctor may suggest various medications to help manage the condition.
Some of the medications that may be prescribed include Brimonidine (Mirvaso), a gel that tightens blood vessels in the skin to reduce redness; Azelaic acid, a gel and foam that clears up bumps, swelling, and redness; Metronidazole (Flagyl) and Doxycycline, antibiotics that kill bacteria on the skin and reduce redness and swelling; Isotretinoin (Amnesteem, Claravis, and others), an acne drug that clears up skin bumps. It should be noted that Isotretinoin should not be used during pregnancy as it can cause serious birth defects. Ivermectin (Soolantra) and oxymetazoline are topical medications that may also be used to treat rosacea. It may take a few weeks or months of using one of these medications for your skin to improve.
In addition to medication, your doctor may also recommend various procedures to treat your rosacea. These may include Lasers that use intense light to get rid of blood vessels that have gotten bigger; Dermabrasion, which sands off the top layer of skin; and Electrocautery, an electric current that zaps damaged blood vessels. These procedures can be effective in reducing redness and other symptoms associated with rosacea.
What preventative measures can I take for managing Rosacea?
While there is no cure for rosacea, there are preventative measures that can be taken to manage and reduce outbreaks. One of the most important things you can do is to try to identify and avoid triggers that may cause an outbreak. Keeping a journal that tracks your activities and flare-ups can help identify these triggers.
Common triggers for rosacea include Sunlight, hot or cold temperatures, wind, stress, hot baths, hot or spicy foods or drinks, alcohol, intense exercise, and certain medications such as blood pressure drugs or steroids applied to the skin. By avoiding or limiting exposure to these triggers, you can help reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks. Additionally, using gentle skin care products, protecting skin from sun exposure and using a humidifier in dry climates, can help maintain skin health.